Legal Framework-new

Legal Framework

In order not only to orient SMURBS solutions towards achieving policies, but also to identify potential legal gaps, we have performed a thorough, state of the art of the policy, principles and legal framework regarding urban Air Quality (incl. health aspects), Urban Growth (incl. migration issues) and (peri-)urban Disasters. The compilation and analyses of the legal provisions* was performed in 3 levels: International (UN), European (EU) and National/local.

The information pools included: desktop research (general UN and EU policies), the SMURBS consortium (internal survey on national, regional and local policies) and the broader research, academic, public, industry and NGO communities (online survey and interviews on local/city legal issues).

* date of issue: 31 October, 2018

Select the Level among International, European and National, from the right sidebar below, in order to explore the SMURBS-relevant legal framework.

This is the legal, UN-related framework for SMURBS research and action fields:

 Air Quality

WMO, Protocol 1984, Gothenburg Protocol, Montreal Protocol, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, Minamata Convention on Mercury

 Urban Growth

WHO, UN Habitat, Quito Implementation Plan, UrbanLex, VGSSM, UNCCD


The Sendai framework


International Migration law IML, UNHCR Guidelines

Environmental rule of law, SDGs, Space law, Remote Sensing Principles

The SMURBS-relevant EU Legal Framework is:

 Αir Quality

Directive 2016/2284/EC, Directive 2004/107/EC, Directive 2008/50/EC

 Urban Growth

Leipzig charter on Sustainable European City, EU Strategy on Green Infrastructure, UN- NUA, 2004/35/EC


SENDAI priorities, Paris Agreement, SEA, Seveso ΙΙΙ Directive, Floods Directive


Article 77 TFEU, EU Blue Card Directive

Copernicus data policy, INSPIRE Directive, GDPR


Legal framework is examined and assessed for:

Air Quality in

  • Athens – Thesaloniki – Kalamata, Greece
  • Gothenburg – Stockholm, Sweden
  • Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Brno, Czech Republic
  • Hamburg, Germany
  • La Paz, Bolivia
  • Helsinki, Finland

 Urban Growth in

  • Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Bari – Napoli – Trieste – Venice – Bologna, Italy

 Disasters in

  • Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Athens, Greece
  • Bucharest, Romania

 Migration in

  • Greece
  • Italy
  • Slovenia